Greece travel guide




Athens Travel Guide

History of Greece

Ancient Greece

The first sign of colony in Greece comes from about 55,000BC (57,000 years ago). Even then there were not very numerous people until around 3000 BC. Greek history is usually divided into a Stone Age, a Bronze Age, and an Iron Age. Sometimes people divide each of these periods into smaller periods as well...

Archaic Greece

The period in which the introductions of Greek monumental stone sculpture and other developments in the realistic representation of the human figure are found. By around 1000 BC the Greeks were starting to reconstruct their civilization after the Dark Ages. There seem to have been more people around, and enough gold to pay for building new buildings...

Classical Greece

Classical period of Greek history dates about 500 B. C., when the Greeks started to come into conflict with the kingdom of Persia to the east, and the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. In 510 BC a man known as Cleisthenes, who was an aristocrat in Athens, invented another new type of government...

Hellenistic Greece

The Hellenistic period of Greek history starts with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and ends with the invasion of the Greek peninsula and islands by Rome in 146 BC. Although the authorities of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which remained essentially unchanged until the advent of Christianity...

Medieval Greece

Greece's medieval history is directed by the Byzantine Empire which turned around Christianity, Greek Language and Civilization, and Roman law. It was a powerful force in the Mediterranean basin for centuries, involving in trade, politics, and the spread of Christianity. The empire collaborated with Rome during the Crusades against the Muslims...

Modern Greece

The Ottomans directed Greece until the early 19th century. On March 25, 1821, the Greeks rebelled and declared their independence, but did not succeed it until 1829. The big European authorities saw the war of Greek independence, with its accounts of Turkish atrocities, in a romantic light. Scores of non-Greeks volunteered to fight for the cause, including Lord Byron...

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